Working with living things and the land is the basis of a farmer's job. This requires an increasing range of knowledge and know-how to be able to produce more efficiently and waste less, responding to environmental and consumer concerns. The traditional farming toolbox has shrunk considerably. Meanwhile, new technological, biotechnical and agronomical solutions are emerging on a global scale. Europe should be mindful not to limit its farming community’s access to technology while competitors benefit from the most recent innovations. We also need to keep European agronomic research in Europe, as European farming systems require ever more tailored responses.